Hearing the word law It is common to hear, from age to age the law has existed. Each country must have its own laws, be it international law, religious law, state law, or laws that exist in life. But not many understand or understand the law. like international law, here will review what international law is. take a good look at the understanding, types, principles and examples of international law carefully.
History of International Law
The history of international law dates back thousands of years. The city-state located in Mesopotamia witnessed a silent agreement on the rocks between the lagash leaders and the umma leaders around 2100 BC. Furthermore, about 1000 years after that, besides that, the agreement of brotherhood and peace was also made, namely between the king of Egypt, Rameses II and the King of Hittities. These two well-known treaties are the initial manifestations of international law.
Definition of International Law
constitute all legal regulations concerning at least two or more countries. This international law regulates all activities of the people that exist in a country which are not the same as in accordance with international provisions. Thus, not all human activities can be regulated using international law. This is due to differences in the culture and traditions of each country.
International law governing two or more countries can only be applied in a general place and has previously been approved by the party of the country that adheres to the international law. International law must be able to refer to the principles and principles governing relations between national and state communities.
Types of International Law
International law has 2 types of law, international law is divided into 2 types, namely:
1. Private International Law
It is international law that regulates the relationship between citizens and the laws of a country and citizens of other countries. International civil law is also called law between nations.
2. International Public Law
International law is what regulates the relationship between one country and another in international relations. International public law is also called law between countries.
International Law Principles
International law also has principles that apply in international law, including:
1. Territorial Principle
This principle reveals that the state prepares laws for all people and also all goods that are in the place of the country.
2. The National Principle
This principle of nationality reveals that the principle of nationality is a state law that remains in effect for a citizen even though he / she is in another country. This principle has extraterritorial power.
3. Principles of Public Interest
The principle of stating the principle of public interest is that state law is not bound to the territorial boundaries of a country because the law adapts itself to all situations or events involving the public interest.
Examples of International Law
1. Regional International Law
It is an international law that applies / is limited to the area of the environment, such as American / Latin American International Law, such as the concept of the continental shelf and the concept of protection of marine biodiversity (conservation of the living resources of the sea) which first grew on the Continent. America thus becomes General International law.
2. Special International Law
Special international law is international law in the form of a specific principle applicable to certain countries such as the European Convention on Human Rights as a reflection of the different conditions, needs, levels of development and levels of integrity of different sections of society. In contrast to regions that grow through customary legal processes.